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05.08.2019 | Research Article | Ausgabe 3/2020

Molecular Imaging and Biology 3/2020

Noninvasive Photoacoustic Imaging of Dendritic Cell Stimulated with Tumor Cell-Derived Exosome

Zeitschrift:
Molecular Imaging and Biology > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
Yin Ji Piao, Hoe Suk Kim, Woo Kyung Moon
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

The tools to trigger dendritic cell (DC) activation and to verify DC migration in vivo are important for directing DC immunotherapy toward successful treatment. We evaluated whether tumor cell-derived exosome (TEX)-stimulated DC migration into lymph node (LN) in mouse could be tracked using gold nanoparticle (GN)-labeling and ultrasound (US)-guided photoacoustic imaging (PAI).

Procedures

GFP-transduced DC2.4 cells were used. RFP-tagged TEXs were purified from a stable 4T1 cell line overexpressing the exosomal CD63-RFP fusion protein. The TEX uptake by DCs was visualized using confocal laser scanning microscopy. GNs with surface plasmon resonance at 808 nm were used for DC-labeling. DCs that migrated into axillary LN were longitudinally monitored by US-guided PAI and analyzed by silver staining and immunohistochemistry.

Results

TEXs were easily internalized in DCs, increased proliferation and migration capacities, and upregulated co-stimulatory molecules, CCR7 and TNF-α without cytotoxicity. The GN-labeling exerted no adverse effects on the biological functions of DCs. US-guided PAI and DC-labeling allowed for sensitive and longitudinal monitoring of TEX-stimulated DC migration toaxillary LN.

Conclusions

TEXs efficiently activated DCs and GN-labeled DC migration into LN was successfully monitored using US-guided PAI, suggesting that TEXs are a good source for DC activation and US-guided PAI is a cost-effective and easy-to-use imaging modality for noninvasive tracking of DCs.

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