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28.11.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2018

Immunologic Research 1/2018

Notch ligand Delta-like1 enhances degranulation and cytokine production through a novel Notch/Dok-1/MAPKs pathway in vitro

Zeitschrift:
Immunologic Research > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Songsong Jiang, Yifan Da, Shiwen Han, Yahong He, Huilian Che
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12026-017-8977-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Food allergy includes sensitization phase and effect phase, and effect cells degranulate and secrete cytokines in the effect phase, causing allergic clinical symptoms. We have demonstrated that Notch signaling plays an important role in the sensitization phase, but its role in effect phases still remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of Notch signaling in degranulation and cytokine production of the effect phase response. A RBL-2H3 cell model was used and Notch signaling was induced by priming with Notch ligands. Our results showed after priming with Notch ligand, Delta-like1(Dll1)-Fc, β-hexosaminidase release, and cytokines production, including TGF-β, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-13, were increased significantly, and the enhancement was abolished after DAPT treatment, a γ-secretase inhibitor, indicating that Dll1 Notch signaling enhanced RBL-2H3 cell degranulation and cytokine production. Western blot analysis showed that Dll1 Notch signaling augmented high-affinity IgE receptors-mediated phosphorylation of MAPKs through suppressing the expression of downstream tyrosine kinases 1 (Dok-1). Besides, a passive systemic anaphylaxis mouse model was used to confirm the role of Notch signaling. And our data showed that allergic clinical features of mice were alleviated, and the level of degranulation was decreased significantly after inhibiting Notch signaling in vivo. Therefore, we demonstrated Notch ligand Dll1 enhanced RBL-2H3 cell degranulation and cytokine production through a novel Notch/Dok-1/MAPKs pathway, suggesting Notch signaling played a key role in the effect phase of food allergy.

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