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19.09.2019 | Clinical Case Report

Novel REEP6 gene mutation associated with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa

Zeitschrift:
Documenta Ophthalmologica
Autoren:
Yuchen Lin, Christine L. Xu, Gabriel Velez, Jing Yang, Akemi J. Tanaka, Mark P. Breazzano, Vinit B. Mahajan, Janet R. Sparrow, Stephen H. Tsang
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

This study reports the ophthalmic and genetic findings of a Cameroonian patient with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) caused by a novel Receptor Expression Enhancing Protein 6 (REEP6) homozygous mutation.

Patient and methods

A 33-year-old man underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations, including visual acuity measurements, dilated fundus imaging, electroretinography (ERG), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence (SW-AF) and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIR-AF) were also evaluated. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to identify potential pathogenic variants.

Results

Fundus examination revealed typical RP findings with additional temporal ten micron yellow dots. SD-OCT imaging revealed cystoid macular edema and perifoveal outer retinal atrophy with centrally preserved inner segment ellipsoid zone (EZ) bands. Hyperreflective spots were seen in the inner retinal layers. On SW-AF images, a hypoautofluorescent area in the perifoveal area was observed. NIR-AF imaging revealed an irregularly shaped hyperautofluorescent ring. His visual acuity was mildly affected. ERG showed undetectable rod responses and intact cone responses. Genetic testing via WES revealed a novel homozygous mutation (c.295G>A, p.Glu99Lys) in the gene encoding REEP6, which is predicted to alter the charge in the transmembrane helix.

Conclusions

This report is not only the first description of a Cameroonian patient with arRP associated with a REEP6 mutation, but also this particular genetic alteration. Substitution of p.Glu99Lys in REEP6 likely disrupts the interactions between REEP6 and the ER membrane. NIR-AF imaging may be particularly useful for assessing functional photoreceptor cells and show an “avocado” pattern of hyperautofluorescence in patients with the REEP6 mutation.

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