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01.12.2012 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2012 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2012

Nuclear BMI-1 expression in laryngeal carcinoma correlates with lymph node pathological status

World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2012
Eugenia Allegra, Lidia Puzzo, Valeria Zuccalà, Serena Trapasso, Enrico Vasquez, Aldo Garozzo, Rosario Caltabiano
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1477-7819-10-206) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

EA contributed to the study concept, study design and writing of the manuscript. LP contributed to the study design and performed the experiments. VZ performed the experiments. ST obtained the patients’ data and conducted the statistical analysis. EV contributed to data interpretation. AG reviewed the manuscript. RC performed experiments and data analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



The main cause of treatment failure and death in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma is metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. The current clinical staging criteria fail to differentiate patients with occult metastasis from patients without metastasis. Identifying molecular markers of the disease might improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and development of laryngeal carcinoma and may help improve clinical staging and treatment.


Sixty-four previously untreated patients who underwent surgical excision of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma with neck dissection were included in this study. The expression of B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1) was examined immunohistochemically on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded primary tissue specimens.


Nuclear expression of BMI-1 (nBMI-1) was detected in 32 of the 64 tumors (50%), cytoplasmic expression of BMI-1 (cBMI-1) was detected in 22 (34.4%), and 10 tumors (15.6%) showed no BMI-1 immunoreactivity. High nBMI-1 expression levels (≥10) were detected in 28 of the 32 (87.5%) nBMI-1-positive patients. Multivariate analysis including age at diagnosis, grade, tumor location, TNM status, and nBMI-1 expression showed that a high nBMI-1 expression level was an independent prognostic factor for lymph node metastasis.


The expression of BMI-1 in patients with laryngeal carcinoma seems to correlate with lymph node metastasis.
Authors’ original file for figure 1
Authors’ original file for figure 2
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