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05.05.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2016

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 6/2016

Occupational risk factors for skin cancer and the availability of sun protection measures at German outdoor workplaces

Zeitschrift:
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health > Ausgabe 6/2016
Autoren:
Linda Ruppert, Robert Ofenloch, Christian Surber, Thomas Diepgen

Abstract

Purpose

Germany implemented a new occupational disease “squamous cell carcinoma or multiple actinic keratosis due to natural UV radiation (UVR)” into the German ordinance on occupational diseases. Since primary prevention is very important, the aim of this study was to assess the provision of sun protection measures by the employers in vocational school students for outdoor professions.

Methods

We conducted a cross-sectional study on the availability of sun protection measures at German workplaces and the risk of occupational sunburn by surveying 245 vocational school students working in outdoor occupations.

Results

More than 40 % of the students did not receive any sun protection measures by their employer, and 34.5 % of the students got sunburned during work. Working in the shade was a protective factor for occupational sunburn but was merely available for 23.7 % of the outdoor workers.

Conclusion

Our study reveals a strong need for effective sun protection measures, including both administrative controls like education and personal protection measures at German outdoor workplaces.

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