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19.09.2019 | Original Research | Ausgabe 4/2019 Open Access

Ophthalmology and Therapy 4/2019

One-Year Outcomes of Second-Generation Trabecular Micro-Bypass Stents (iStent Inject) Implantation with Cataract Surgery in Different Glaucoma Subtypes and Severities

Zeitschrift:
Ophthalmology and Therapy > Ausgabe 4/2019
Autoren:
Ali Salimi, Julie Lapointe, Paul Harasymowycz
Wichtige Hinweise

Enhanced Digital Features

To view enhanced digital features for this article go to https://​doi.​org/​10.​6084/​m9.​figshare.​9762590.

Abstract

Purpose

To assess the 1-year efficacy and safety of the implantation of two second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents (iStent Inject®) with concomitant cataract surgery in various subtypes and severities of glaucoma.

Methods

This single-surgeon, consecutive case series from a Canadian academic ophthalmology center included subjects with cataract, glaucoma, and the need to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) and/or medications. The 12-month outcomes included mean IOP and medication burden as well as the proportions of eyes with IOP ≤ 18, ≤ 15, and ≤ 12 mmHg compared to baseline. Other measures included corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), cup-to-disc ratio (CDR), visual field mean deviation (VF MD), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, and adverse events.

Results

In 118 eyes, mean IOP reduced from 17.00 ± 3.82 mmHg preoperatively to 13.97 ± 2.65 mmHg at the 12-month follow-up mark (17.8% reduction, p < 0.001), and mean medication burden decreased from 2.31 ± 1.33 preoperatively to 1.03 ± 1.10 medications (56% reduction, p < 0.001). After 12 months, 93% of eyes achieved IOP ≤ 18 mmHg (versus 69% preoperatively), 70% of eyes achieved IOP ≤ 15 mmHg (versus 42% preoperatively), and 29% of eyes achieved IOP ≤ 12 mmHg (versus 7% preoperatively). For all eyes, topical medications were either maintained or decreased from baseline, with ≥ 1 medication eliminated from the preoperative regimen for 83% of eyes and ≥ 2 medications eliminated for 36% of eyes. Visual acuity improved significantly, consistent with expectations for cataract surgery, while CDR, VF MD, and RNFL and GCIPL thicknesses remained stable. Safety was favorable, with no intraoperative complications and few transient adverse events postoperatively.

Conclusion

iStent Inject implantation with cataract surgery safely reduced IOP and medication burden in a real-world clinical population with mild to severe glaucoma, and stabilized visual field, as well as RNFL and GCIPL thicknesses on OCT.

Funding

The Rapid Service Fees were funded by Glaukos Corporation.
Literatur
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