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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Oral Health 1/2015

Oral health conditions in an Albanian adolescent population: an epidemiological study

BMC Oral Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Giuseppina Laganà, Yllka Abazi, Evisi Beshiri Nastasi, Françesca Vinjolli, Francesco Fabi, Maurizio Divizia, Paola Cozza
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

All the authors declare that they have no competing interests related to this manuscript.

Authors’ contributions

GL: designed the research and drafted the manuscript. YA: selected the subjects according to inclusion criteria of the study. ENB: collected the data performing clinical examinations of the subjects enrolled in the study group. FV: elaborated all the data. FF: performed the statistical analysis. MD: designed the study and edited the manuscript giving final approval ensuring that the study was appropriately conducted. PC: gave substantial contributions to conception and design of the research, to interpretation of data giving final approval of the version to be published. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



The aim of this study was to determine the oral health conditions of an adolescent population of Tirana.


A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out in a sample (n = 1885), aged 16-19, mean age 17.4 (SD = 1.0), attending public schools in Tirana and province; 1200 adolescents were included into the analysis. A clinical observation without radiographs was conducted in the medical room of the schools during the 2012-2013 school year.


Very severe and severe orthodontic treatment need, grade 5 and 4 of IOTN (Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need), were found in 17.0 % of the sample. DMFT (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth) was 4.9, whereas OHI (Oral Hygiene Index) was documented in the highest number of subjects (n = 384), 32 % of the total sample possessed “good” grade of oral hygiene. CPI (Community Periodontal Index) was observed at score 0 (healthy gingival condition) in most of the subjects (53.1 %), score 1 (gingival bleeding) in 33.4 % of the total sample. PI (Plaque Index) results showed 43.9 % of the sample (527 subjects) with score 0.


The study findings highlight the need for preventive care programs to improve oral health conditions as well as to reduce oral pathology risk factors in Albania.
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