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01.09.2020 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 3/2020

Head and Neck Pathology 3/2020

Oral Verruciform Xanthoma: A Series of 212 Cases and Review of the Literature

Zeitschrift:
Head and Neck Pathology > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
Austin N. Belknap, Mohammed N. Islam, Indraneel Bhattacharyya, Donald M. Cohen, Sarah G. Fitzpatrick
Wichtige Hinweise
This study was previously presented as a poster presentation at the 2019 meeting of American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology in Miami, Florida and won the 2019 Waldron resident poster presentation award.

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Abstract

Verruciform xanthoma (VX) of the oral cavity is an uncommon, reactive lesion of unknown etiology. In this study, we present a large series of VX with analysis of demographics, clinical appearance, histologic presentation and extensive review of literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest series of oral VX reported to date. Following IRB approval, all cases diagnosed as VX found in the archives of the University of Florida Oral Pathology Biopsy Service (1994–2018) were included. Patient age, gender, location, clinical appearance, clinical impression, and duration of each lesion was collected. A total of 212 cases were included in our database with a mean age of 61 years (range of 9–94), and a female: male ratio of 1.06:1. The most common location in descending order was the gingiva (n = 110, 51.2%), followed by palate (n = 41, 19.3%), buccal mucosa (n = 18, 8.5%), tongue (n = 20, 9.4%), vestibule (n = 13, 6.1%), lip (n = 4, 1.9%), floor of mouth (n = 3, 1.4%), and unspecified (n = 1, 0.5%). The lesions were most frequently pink in color, and most often described as bumpy, rough, verrucoid and/or papillary. Clinical impression in descending order was papillary (n = 67, 31.6%), not specified or unknown (n = 41, 19.3%), hyperkeratosis (n = 24, 11.3%), fibroma (n = 20, 9.4%), leukoplakia (n = 17, 8.0%), dysplastic lesion (n = 13, 6.1%), pyogenic granuloma (n = 7, 3.3%), granulomatous reaction (n = 5, 2.4%), lichen planus, VX (n = 4 each, 2.0%), pigmented, other lesions (n = 3 each, 1.4%), and salivary and periapical lesions (n = 2 each, 0.9%). Three of the lesions were recurrences. The demographics and clinical parameters of this case series were in concordance with that of previously published reports. In our series, only 4 cases were suspected as VX, demonstrating the lack of familiarity clinicians have with this lesion.

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