The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1869-5760-4-12) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
KB was involved in the conception, design, drafting of the manuscript and revisions. SSB, MM and CJT were involved in the acquisition of data and drafting of the manuscript. All the authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Orbital tuberculosis (OTb) is rare and may be regarded as a manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We report an interesting case series of six patients with varied presentations of orbital and adnexal tuberculosis in a South Indian patient population.
A retrospective, interventional case series of six patients diagnosed with orbital and adnexal tuberculosis on the basis of clinical, radiological and histopathological evaluations between 2010 and 2013 was performed. Among the six patients with histopathologically proven OTb, five were women. The varied presentations included tubercular dacryoadenitis (two cases), classical periostitis (two cases), OTb with bone involvement (one case) and ocular adnexal tuberculosis (one case). Systemic involvement was seen in one case. All cases were treated with a regimen of antitubercular therapy (ATT).
OTb, though rare, should form a part of the differential diagnosis of orbital lesions in a high tuberculosis (TB) endemic country like ours. Biopsy still remains the mainstay of diagnosis.
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- Orbital and adnexal tuberculosis: a case series from a South Indian population
Soumya S Bhat
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg