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01.12.2017 | Technical advance | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 1/2017

Orchestrating differential data access for translational research: a pilot implementation

Zeitschrift:
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Marco Brandizi, Olga Melnichuk, Raffael Bild, Florian Kohlmayer, Benedicto Rodriguez-Castro, Helmut Spengler, Klaus A. Kuhn, Wolfgang Kuchinke, Christian Ohmann, Timo Mustonen, Mikael Linden, Tommi Nyrönen, Ilkka Lappalainen, Alvis Brazma, Ugis Sarkans

Abstract

Background

Translational researchers need robust IT solutions to access a range of data types, varying from public data sets to pseudonymised patient information with restricted access, provided on a case by case basis. The reason for this complication is that managing access policies to sensitive human data must consider issues of data confidentiality, identifiability, extent of consent, and data usage agreements. All these ethical, social and legal aspects must be incorporated into a differential management of restricted access to sensitive data.

Methods

In this paper we present a pilot system that uses several common open source software components in a novel combination to coordinate access to heterogeneous biomedical data repositories containing open data (open access) as well as sensitive data (restricted access) in the domain of biobanking and biosample research. Our approach is based on a digital identity federation and software to manage resource access entitlements.

Results

Open source software components were assembled and configured in such a way that they allow for different ways of restricted access according to the protection needs of the data. We have tested the resulting pilot infrastructure and assessed its performance, feasibility and reproducibility.

Conclusions

Common open source software components are sufficient to allow for the creation of a secure system for differential access to sensitive data. The implementation of this system is exemplary for researchers facing similar requirements for restricted access data. Here we report experience and lessons learnt of our pilot implementation, which may be useful for similar use cases. Furthermore, we discuss possible extensions for more complex scenarios.
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