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16.05.2019 | Original Research | Sonderheft 1/2019

Journal of General Internal Medicine 1/2019

Organizational Coordination and Patient Experiences of Specialty Care Integration

Zeitschrift:
Journal of General Internal Medicine > Sonderheft 1/2019
Autoren:
PhD David C. Mohr, PhD Justin K. Benzer, MD, MPH Varsha G. Vimalananda, MBA, PhD Sara J. Singer, PhD Mark Meterko, PhD Nathalie McIntosh, MPH Kimberly L. L. Harvey, MBA Marjorie Nealon Seibert, DBA Martin P. Charns
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11606-019-04973-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Background

Delivering care to patients with complex healthcare needs benefits from coordination among healthcare providers. Greater levels of care coordination have been associated with more favorable patient experiences, cost management, and lower utilization of services. Organizational approaches consider how systems, practices, and relationships influence coordination and associated outcomes.

Objective

Examine measures of organizational coordination and their association with patient experiences of care coordination involving specialists.

Design

Cross-sectional surveys of patients and primary care providers (PCPs).

Participants

Final sample included 3183 patients matched to 233 PCPs from the Veterans Health Administration. All patients had a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and one of four other conditions: hypertension; congestive heart failure; depression/anxiety; or severe mental illness/posttraumatic stress disorder.

Main Measures

Patients completed a survey assessing perceptions of coordinated care. We examined ratings on three domains: specialist knowledge management; knowledge integration across settings and time; and knowledge fragmentation across settings and time. We created care coordination measures involving the PCP and three specialty provider types. PCPs provided ratings on relational coordination for specialists, feedback coordination, and team coordination. We aligned patient’s specialty services used with corresponding PCP ratings of that specialty.

Key Results

Patient ratings were significantly lower on specialist knowledge management and knowledge integration when either PCPs did not use feedback coordination (b = − .20; b = − .17, respectively) or rated feedback coordination lower (b = − .08 for both). Teamwork was significantly related to specialist knowledge management (b = .06), knowledge integration (b = .04); and knowledge fragmentation (b = − .04). Relational coordination was related to coordination between the primary care provider and (i) diabetes specialist (b = .09) and (ii) mental health provider (b = .12).

Conclusions

Practices to improve provider coordination within and across primary care and specialty care services may improve patient experiences of care coordination. Improvements in these areas may improve care efficiency and effectiveness.

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