Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2014 | Experimental Study | Ausgabe 6/2014

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 6/2014

Osteochondral regeneration using a novel aragonite-hyaluronate bi-phasic scaffold in a goat model

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
E. Kon, G. Filardo, D. Robinson, J. A. Eisman, A. Levy, K. Zaslav, J. Shani, N. Altschuler
Wichtige Hinweise
The study was conducted at the Research Unit of AssaF Haroffe Hospital, Israel.

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study was to examine whether different mechanical modifications and/or impregnation of hyaluronic acid (HA) might enhance aragonite-based scaffold properties for the regeneration of cartilage and bone in an animal model.

Methods

Bi-phasic osteochondral scaffolds were prepared using coralline aragonite with different modifications, including 1- to 2-mm-deep drilled channels in the cartilage phase (Group 1, n = 7) or in the bone phase (Group 2, n = 8), and compared with unmodified coral cylinders (Group 3, n = 8) as well as empty control defects (Group 4, n = 4). In each group, four of the implants were impregnated with HA to the cartilage phase. Osteochondral defects (6 mm diameter, 8 mm depth) were made in medial and lateral femoral condyles of 14 goats, and the scaffolds were implanted according to a randomization chart. After 6 months, cartilage and bone regeneration were evaluated macroscopically and histologically by an external laboratory.

Results

Group 1 implants were replaced by newly formed hyaline cartilage and subchondral bone (combined histological evaluation according to the ICRS II-2010 and O’Driscoll et al. 34 ± 4 n = 7). In this group, the cartilaginous repair tissue showed a smooth contour and was well integrated into the adjacent native cartilage, with morphological evidence of hyaline cartilage as confirmed by the marked presence of proteoglycans, a marked grade of collagen type II and the absence of collagen type I. The average scores in other groups were significantly lower (Group 2 (n = 8) 28.8 ± 11, Group 3 (n = 8) 23 ± 9 and Group 4 (empty control, n = 4) 19.7 ± 15).

Conclusions

The implants with the mechanical modification and HA impregnation in the cartilage phase outperformed all other types of implant. Although native coral is an excellent material for bone repair, as a stand-alone material implant, it does not regenerate hyaline cartilage. Mechanical modification with drilled channels and impregnation of HA within the coral pores enhanced the scaffold’s cartilage regenerative potential. The modified implant shows young hyaline cartilage regeneration. This implant might be useful for the treatment of both chondral and osteochondral defects in humans.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise