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01.12.2017 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2017

Osteosarcoma of the lower limb metastasized to the septum and right side of the heart: a case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Elisha Osati, Alice Kaijage, Reuben Muta, Peter Muhoka, Merckris Mango, Peter Kisenge, Bashir Nyangasa, Pedro Pallangyo, Delillah Kimambo, Mohamed Janabi

Abstract

Background

Metastatic cardiac tumors are far more common than primary tumors. Although the hematogenous spread of osteosarcoma is well known, the imaging findings of cardiovascular involvement by osteosarcoma are seldom reported and can be difficult to recognize.

Case presentation

A 21-year-old man of African descent presented to our center complaining of shortness of breath, awareness of heart beats, easy fatigability, swelling of lower limbs, and left-side chest discomfort for the past 6 months getting worse for the last 3 months prior to his third readmission. In 2004 he was admitted with the diagnosis of osteosarcoma of his left calcaneus bone confirmed by bone biopsy and treated at an oncology center with several cycles of radiotherapy and chemotherapy; he was declared cured after 5 years of annual clinical and radiological skeletal survey follow-ups. In the current admission, a physical examination revealed bilateral lower limb swelling, pansystolic murmur on the left side of his sternum at fourth intercostal space (tricuspid area) grade three, hepatomegaly with a liver span of 17 cm, and a positive fluid test and shifting dullness.

Conclusions

This case report presents a 21-year-old man with relapsed osteosarcoma manifesting as metastatic lesions to his right ventricle encroaching on his interventricular septum, which was identified by transthoracic/transesophageal echocardiography computed tomography scan and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

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