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12.07.2018

Outcome of endoscopic small-bore naso-jejunal tube stenting in early postoperative jejunal limb obstruction after gastrectomy

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy
Autoren:
Chadin Tharavej, Worawit Kattipatanapong, Suppaut Pungpapong, Suthep Udomsawaengsup, Krit Kitisin, Patpong Navicharern

Abstract

Background

Early postoperative jejunal limb obstruction is a rare complication following gastric surgery with jejunal reconstruction. The condition is mainly attributed to kinking of the jejunal limbs, gastrojejunal or jejunojejunal anastomosis. There has been currently limited information regarding the safety and efficacy of endoscopic treatment in patients with early postoperative jejunal obstruction. We aimed to investigate outcome of endoscopic small-bore naso-jejunal (N-J) tube stenting across the obstructed segment in patients with uncomplicated early postoperative partial jejunal limb obstruction.

Methods

All patients diagnosed of jejunal limb obstruction within 8 weeks after gastric-related surgery were reviewed. Patients with malignant obstruction, complete closed loop obstruction, sepsis, instability, intestinal strangulation, or perforation were excluded. All patients underwent endoscopic dekinking and stenting for 2 weeks with an N-J tube using 16-French single lumen plastic nasogastric tube across the obstruction segment after failed conservative therapy. Successful N-J tube placement across the obstruction point was confirmed by contrast study. Complications, technical, and clinical success were evaluated.

Results

Twenty-one patients met the criteria. The primary operations were 7 partial gastrectomies with Billroth-II reconstruction, 7 total or partial gastrectomies with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and 4 Whipple’s operations, 2 bypass procedures, and 1 proximal gastrectomy. Most common site of obstruction was jejunojejunal anastomosis and gastrojejunal anastomosis following Roux-en-Y and Billroth-II reconstruction, respectively. Endoscopic N-J tube placement was technically successful in 20 out of 21 patients (95%). One patient had aspirated pneumonia. There was no procedure-related mortality. After N-J tube removal, clinical success was demonstrated in 19 out of 20 patients (95%) at the median duration of 6 months. One patient underwent reoperation due to repeated tube dislodgement.

Conclusions

Endoscopic stenting with a 16-F naso-jejunal tube across the angulated segment is safe and effective for treatment of patients with uncomplicated early postoperative partial jejunal limb obstruction following gastric surgery with jejunal reconstruction.

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