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21.08.2018 | Original Article

Outcome of Surgical Inspection of the Gallbladder in Relation to Final Pathology

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Autoren:
B. J. G. A. Corten, S. Alexander, P. H. van Zwam, W. K. G. Leclercq, R. M. H. Roumen, G. D. Slooter
Wichtige Hinweise
This paper is not based on previous communication to a society or meeting.

Abstract

Introduction

Routine histopathologic gallbladder examination after cholecystectomy has been a point of discussion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the macroscopic examination by the surgeon in relation to the final histology.

Methods

A prospective study was conducted to investigate the practice of macroscopic gallbladder examination by a surgeon compared to routine histopathology by a pathologist. All consecutive cholecystectomies were included between November 2009 and February 2011.

Results

A total of 319 consecutive cholecystectomies were performed. Of all macroscopic examinations, the surgeon identified 62 gallbladders with macroscopic abnormalities, ranging from polyps to wall thickening or ulcers. In 55 (17.2%) cases, the surgeon judged that further examination of the specimen by the pathologist could possibly lead to additional and relevant findings. There was a strong agreement between the surgeon and the pathologist concerning the macroscopic examination (κappa = 0.822). The surgeon and the pathologist had disagreement on the macroscopic examination of 18 gallbladders, without clinical consequences for the patient.

Discussion

The present prospective study shows that the surgeon should be able to select those gallbladders needing a microscopic gallbladder examination. Potentially, about 80% of this kind of routine histology can be reduced.

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