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28.04.2018 | Original Paper

Outcomes with a latest generation self-expandable, intra-annular, re-sheathable transcatheter heart valve system: analysis of patients with impaired left ventricular function and determinants for pacemaker implantation

Clinical Research in Cardiology
Andreas Schaefer, Niklas Neumann, Matthias Linder, Niklas Schofer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Florian Deuschl, Gerhard Schoen, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Lenard Conradi, Ulrich Schäfer



We herein report a single-center experience with the Portico TAVI system. Main focus was set on outcomes in patients with impaired left ventricular (LV) function and predictors for permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation.


Between 05/2014 and 10/2017, 106 consecutive patients received TAVI using the Portico device. For comparison of patients with/without impaired LV function, and determination of multi-slice computed tomography and electrocardiogram correlates for PPM implantation subgroups were built (Subgroup I: LVEF ≥ 50%, n = 69, Subgroup II: LVEF < 50%, n = 37; Subgroup A: no PPM implantation, n = 89; Subgroup B: PPM implantation, n = 17). Data were retrospectively analyzed.


Device success was 95.3% (101/106) with resulting transvalvular peak/mean pressure gradients of 10.6 ± 5.6/5.4 ± 3.1 and PVL ≥ moderate in 5/106 patients (4.7%). 30-day mortality was 4.7% (5/106; subgroup I 3/69, 4.3%; subgroup II 2/37, 5.4%; p = 1.0). Regarding VARC-2 adjudicated clinical endpoints stroke (3/106, 2.8%; subgroups I/II: 2/69 vs. 1/37, p = 1.0) and acute kidney injury (9/106, 8.5%; subgroups I/II: 6/69 vs. 3/37, p = 1.0), no significant differences were found. Postprocedural PPM implantation occurred in 17.9% (19/106) of the patients. Logistic regression for PPM implantation demonstrated predictive character of left coronary cusp (LCC) calcium load in zone 1 (annular plane to coronary ostia) (p = 0.05, threshold 193 mm3) and total calcium load of zone 1 (p = 0.05, threshold 751.2 mm3).


The Portico valve demonstrates a satisfying safety outcome, especially for patients with impaired LV function. Results of the CE-mark trial were confirmed, except for higher PPM rates. PPM rates are in accordance with other reports on this TAVI platform.

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