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01.12.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2017

International Journal of Clinical Oncology 6/2017

Overall survival of high-risk prostate cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy followed by radical prostatectomy at a single institution

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 6/2017
Autoren:
Naoki Fujita, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama, Yoshimi Tanaka, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Shingo Hatakeyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto

Abstract

Background

The optimal treatment for high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) remains to be established. We previously reported favorable, biochemical recurrence-free survival in high-risk PCa patients treated with a neoadjuvant gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or antagonist and estramustine phosphate (EMP) (chemohormonal therapy; CHT) followed by radical prostatectomy (RP). We conducted a retrospective study to elucidate the clinical benefit of neoadjuvant CHT for high-risk PCa patients.

Methods

We reviewed the clinical and pathological records of 1254 PCa patients who underwent RP and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy between July 1996 and April 2016 at Hirosaki University. According to the D’Amico risk classification, we focused on 613 patients in the high-risk group. The high-risk PCa patients were further divided into two groups based on whether the patients received neoadjuvant CHT before RP (EMP group) or not (non-EMP group). The endpoint was overall survival (OS) after surgery.

Results

The 5- and 10-year OS rates were 98.5 and 92.6%, respectively. The 10-year OS rate in the EMP group was significantly higher compared to the non-EMP group (P = 0.021). In multivariate analysis, administration of neoadjuvant CHT, lymph node involvement, and castration-resistant PCa status were significantly associated with OS.

Conclusions

RP with neoadjuvant CHT using EMP for high-risk PCa patients provided excellent long-term OS.

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