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26.07.2021 | Original Article

Oxidative stress-responsive apoptosis-inducing protein in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia

Zeitschrift:
Heart and Vessels
Autoren:
Kayoko Sato, Takako Yao, Tsutomu Fujimura, Kimie Murayama, Ko Okumura, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Yoshinori Seko
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Abstract

Oxidative stress, an inducer of apoptosis, plays a critical role in ischemia/reperfusion injury and atherosclerosis. We previously identified an apoptosis-inducing ligand, the post-translationally modified secreted form of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A), ‘oxidative stress-responsive apoptosis-inducing protein’ (ORAIP). In this study, we investigated the role of ORAIP in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH), a leading cause of premature cardiovascular disease. We analyzed plasma ORAIP and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) levels in 60 patients with HeFH (60% male, 57.0 ± 13.6 years of age) and 20 patients with LDL-C hypercholesterolemia (DL, 85% male, 64.1 ± 13.3 years of age). The coronary artery atherosclerosis from the patients with HeFH who had a coronary artery bypass graft was investigated by double immunostaining. The plasma ORAIP levels in the patients with HeFH were significantly elevated compared to those in the patients with DL (73.5 ± 46.0 vs. 48.3 ± 21.4 ng/mL, p = 0.0277). The plasma oxLDL levels in HeFH patients were also elevated (156.8 ± 65.2 vs. 123.7 ± 46.6 mg/dL, p = 0.0461) compared to those in DL patients and correlated with maxLDL-C levels (R = 0.4454, p = 0.00648). Double-immunostaining of ORAIP and oxLDL in the coronary artery from patients with HeFH who had a coronary artery bypass graft showed that ORAIP and oxLDL were colocalized with apoptotic vascular smooth muscle cells in the atherosclerotic plaque. ORAIP plays a role in the development of oxidative stress-induced atherosclerosis and may be an important therapeutic target for plaque rupture in patients with HeFH.

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