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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2018

p300 promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion via inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition in non-small cell lung cancer cells

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Xue Hou, Run Gong, Jianhua Zhan, Ting Zhou, Yuxiang Ma, Yuanyuan Zhao, Yaxiong Zhang, Gang Chen, Zhonghan Zhang, Shuxiang Ma, Xi Chen, Fangfang Gao, Shaodong Hong, Fan Luo, Wenfeng Fang, Yunpeng Yang, Yan Huang, Likun Chen, Haoxian Yang, Li Zhang
Wichtige Hinweise
Xue Hou, Run Gong, Jianhua Zhan, Haoxian Yang and Li Zhang contributed equally to this work.
Xue Hou, Run Gong and Jianhua Zhan share the first authorship.

Abstract

Background

Histone acetyltransferase p300 is a crucial transcriptional coactivator and has been implicated as a poor prognostic factor in human cancers. However, little is known about the substantial functions and mechanisms of p300 in NSCLC proliferation and distant metastasis.

Methods

We constructed p300 down-regulated and up-regulated cell lines through RNAi and recombinant plasmid transfection. Cell Counting Kit-8 assays were used to test the cell proliferation and confirmed by colony formation assays. Wound healing assays and transwell chamber assays were used to test the migration and invasion ability. Based upon these results, we measured the epithelial markers and mesenchymal markers after regulating p300 expression to explore epithelial-mesenchymal transition as a potential mechanism of p300 promoting NSCLC metastasis.

Results

In NSCLC cells NCI-H1975 and NCI-H1993, down-regulation of p300 leads to inhibition of cell proliferation and colony formation. Cells with reduced p300 expression also demonstrate inhibited migration and invasion ability. Contrarily, up-regulation of p300 significantly enhanced the proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion ability of NCI-H460. Importantly, further investigation shows that decreased p300 expression is associated with reduced expression of mesenchymal markers and increased expression of epithelial markers, while up-regulated p300 expression correlated with decreased expression of epithelial markers and increased expression of mesenchymal markers.

Conclusions

As a crucial tumor promoter, p300 promotes cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in NSCLC cells. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a potential mechanism of p300 promoting NSCLC metastasis.
Literatur
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