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The majority of patients with gastric or esophago-gastric cancer are at risk for malnutrition. Preoperative malnutrition was shown to increase the incidence of postoperative complications following abdominal surgery. However, it remains unclear if preoperative parenteral nutritional support during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) may be effective to reduce the rate of postoperative complications in these patients.
The PERCOG trial is a randomized controlled multicenter observer-blinded trial, investigating if the improvement of the general condition of patients with non-metastasized gastric cancer or cancer of the esophago-gastric junction during NACT by supplemental parenteral nutrition can decrease the postoperative Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Statistical analysis of the primary endpoint measure (CCI on postoperative day 30) will be based on the intention-to-treat population. The global level of significance is set at 5% and the sample size (n = 150) is determined to assure a power of 80%.
The results of the PERCOG trial will provide high-level evidence for clinical recommendations regarding the administration of preoperative supportive parenteral nutrition and provide all participating patients the opportunity of an improved treatment.
German Clinical Trials Register, DRKS00009451. Registered on 3 July 2017.