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29.05.2019 | Preclinical study | Ausgabe 1/2019

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2019

Pathologic complete response rate according to HER2 detection methods in HER2-positive breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant systemic therapy

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Melissa Krystel-Whittemore, Jin Xu, Edi Brogi, Katia Ventura, Sujata Patil, Dara S. Ross, Chau Dang, Mark Robson, Larry Norton, Monica Morrow, Hannah Y. Wen
Wichtige Hinweise
Melissa Krystel-Whittemore and Jin Xu contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Purpose

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancers are known to have significant clinical and pathological response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NST). The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with pathological complete response (pCR), defined as no residual invasive carcinoma in the breast and axillary lymph nodes (ypT0/is ypN0), among patients with HER2-positive breast cancer and to compare pCR rates between breast cancers with HER2 protein overexpression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) versus HER2 gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the absence of protein overexpression by IHC.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective review of HER2-positive breast cancer patients treated with NST and surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center between January 2013 and May 2018. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER2 status were assessed according to the 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines.

Results

During the study period, 560 patients were identified. Of 531 patients with IHC results available, 455 patients had HER2 IHC 3+, and 76 had IHC < 3+ but HER2 amplification detected by FISH. The overall pCR rate was 59% (330/560). The pCR rate among patients with HER2 protein overexpression (IHC 3+) was 67%, compared to 17% among patients with HER2 amplification by FISH (IHC < 3+). On univariate and multivariate analyses, HER2 protein overexpression by IHC (IHC 3+) was a significant predictor of pCR, along with grade 3 histology, PR-negative status, and dual anti-HER2 therapy.

Conclusion

Although both HER2 IHC and FISH are standard HER2 testing methods in breast cancer, achievement of pCR is associated with HER2 IHC expression level, among other factors.

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