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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 1/2015

Patient-centered psoriatic arthritis (PsA) activity assessment by Stockerau Activity Score for Psoriatic Arthritis (SASPA)

Zeitschrift:
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Burkhard F Leeb, Pia M Haindl, Hans-Peter Brezinschek, Harsono T H Mai, Christoph Deutsch, Bernhard Rintelen
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

BFL coordinated the study, and with HPB and BR, participated in the design of the study, and performed statistical analyses; PMH, HTHM and CD drafted the manuscript, were involved in data acquisition, patient care, and literature research. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

To investigate whether a modified Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index-5 could be applied as a routine assessment tool for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients.

Methods

Ninety-seven PsA outpatients (mean age 49.78 years; age range 23–80 years; 49 male, 48 female), completed a prototype questionnaire. Tender and swollen joint counts, including enthesiopathy, physician’s assessment of disease activity on a visual analog scale (MDglob), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and patient satisfaction with disease status (PatSat: 1 = excellent to 5 = unsatisfactory) were recorded. Factorial analysis was performed and alpha, as a measure of reliability, and tau were calculated. The ultimate five-item questionnaire, calculated by (Q1 + Q2 + Q3 + Q4 + Q5)/5, was then handed over to 152 PsA outpatients (mean age 54.02 years; age range 26–80 years; 82 male, 70 female), and analyzed accordingly.

Results

Analyzing the internal consistency of the prototype questionnaire revealed the highest alpha value of 0.849, on deleting the question targeting disease course. Alpha for the final Stockerau Activity Score for Psoriatic Arthritis (SASPA) was 0.875, with all items contributing to the final result (item loading from 0.573 to 0.910). Kendall’s tau for the relationship between SASPA scores and swollen joint count, tender joint count, and MDglob was 0.34, 0.416, and 0.392, respectively. The sensitivity of the questionnaire to change was demonstrated in patients starting treatment with a tumor necrosis factor blocker (standardized mean difference: 2.1).

Conclusion

The SASPA questionnaire constitutes a fully patient-administered tool to monitor PsA activity. Its reliability, convergent validity, and sensitivity to change were demonstrated.
Literatur
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