01.08.2003 | Clinical Investigations | Ausgabe 2/2003
Pattern of Periprosthetic Bone Remodeling Around Stable Uncemented Tapered Hip Stems: A prospective 84-month follow-up study and a Median 156-month Cross-Sectional Study with DXA
Calcified Tissue International
- P. R. Aldinger, D. Sabo, M. Pritsch, M. Thomsen, H. Mau, V. Ewerbeck, S. J. Breusch
Bone resorption in the proximal femur is commonly seen after total hip arthroplasty (THA). With dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), the amount of bone mass (BMD) after implantation of a total hip stem can be precisely determined. However, prospective evaluation of the change of bone mass around the stem is only available for selected stems and short-term follow-up (up to 36 months). We analyzed BMD in patients who had undergone uncemented THA by DXA. Only patients with good clinical outcome (Merle d’ Aubigné score > 12) were included to obtain normative data for regular bone response. Two separate studies were performed: a prospective longitudinal study over 84 months with baseline values acquired within the first postoperative week (group A) (n = 26 patients) and a separate cross-sectional study, median follow-up 156 (124-178) months (group B) (n = 35 patients). Regions of interest were defined according to Gruen (ROI 1-7) and as net average ROI (net avg) for the periprosthetic femoral bone. After the initial remodeling process (12 months), BMD was compared to the 84-month (longitudinal) and the 156-month (cross-sectional) follow-up values to determine long-term periprosthetic changes of bone mineral density. The longitudinal study (group A), after the initial bone remodeling, showed no relevant further bone loss for women and men with BMD values 1.19 ± 0.15 and 1.40 ± 0.19, respectively, 12 months (women 89.8%, men 93.6%), and 1.19 ± 0.13 and 1.36 ± 0.18, respectively, after 84 months (women 90.0%, men 91.3%) (P = 0.98, P = 0.08,) respectively. The distribution of the BMD around the stem changed during the first 12 months. The ROIs around the proximal stem (ROI 1 and 7) showed the lowest absolute values at the 12-month follow-up and BMD in ROI 7 decreased most during the further follow-up until 84 months. The cross-sectional study (group B) showed no significant difference in BMD (net avg) values at a median of 156 months follow-up compared to the 12-month values (group A) (women: P = 0.77, men: P = 0.44). Initial BMD, implant diameter, and body mass index did not influence BMD loss (net avg) in this study, whereas age showed a weak correlation with BMD loss. The results show that after the initial remodeling process, no relevant further bone loss (net avg) occurs up to 84 months postsurgery, and values after a median of 156 months are similar. Normative long-term changes in the periprosthetic bone can be demonstrated in defined ROIs after implantation of a tapered corundum-blasted titanium stem with a good clinical result.