Skip to main content
Erschienen in: Supportive Care in Cancer 10/2018

13.04.2018 | Original Article

Perceptions of masculinity and body image in men with prostate cancer: the role of exercise

verfasst von: David Michael Langelier, Prue Cormie, William Bridel, Christopher Grant, Natalia Albinati, Jena Shank, Julia Teresa Daun, Tak S. Fung, Colin Davey, S. Nicole Culos-Reed

Erschienen in: Supportive Care in Cancer | Ausgabe 10/2018

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Purpose

The goal of this study was to explore the association between levels of exercise and patterns of masculinity, body image, and quality of life in men undergoing diverse treatment protocols for prostate cancer.

Methods

Fifty men with prostate cancer (aged 42–86) completed self-report measures. Self-reported measures included the following: the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ), Masculine Self-esteem Scale (MSES), Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ), Body Image Scale (BIS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy–Prostate (FACT-P). Masculinity, body image, and quality of life scores were compared between men obtaining recommended levels of exercise (aerobic or resistance) and those not obtaining recommended level of exercise. Secondary outcomes included the association between masculinity, body image, and quality of life scores as they relate to exercise levels.

Results

There were significantly higher scores of masculinity (p < 0.01), physical well-being (p < 0.05), prostate cancer specific well-being (p < 0.05), and overall quality of life (p < 0.05) in those obtaining at least 150 min of moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise. In the 48% of men who had never received androgen deprivation therapy, significantly higher levels of masculinity, body image, and quality of life were observed in those meeting aerobic guidelines.

Conclusions

Whether treatment includes androgen deprivation or not, men who participate in higher levels of aerobic exercises report higher levels of masculinity, improved body image, and quality of life than those who are inactive. Future longitudinal research is required evaluating exercise level and its effect on masculinity and body image.
Literatur
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Galvao DA, Taaffe DR, Spry N, Newton RU (2007) Exercise can prevent and even reverse adverse effects of androgen suppression treatment in men with prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 10(4):340–346 CrossRefPubMed Galvao DA, Taaffe DR, Spry N, Newton RU (2007) Exercise can prevent and even reverse adverse effects of androgen suppression treatment in men with prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 10(4):340–346 CrossRefPubMed
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Wall D, Kristjanson L (2005) Men, culture and hegemonic masculinity: understanding the experience of prostate cancer. Nurs Inq 12(2):87–97 CrossRefPubMed Wall D, Kristjanson L (2005) Men, culture and hegemonic masculinity: understanding the experience of prostate cancer. Nurs Inq 12(2):87–97 CrossRefPubMed
33.
Zurück zum Zitat Godin G, Shephard RJ (1985) A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Can J Appl Sport Sci 10(3):141–146 PubMed Godin G, Shephard RJ (1985) A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Can J Appl Sport Sci 10(3):141–146 PubMed
35.
Zurück zum Zitat Clark JA, Bokhour BG, Inui TS, Silliman RA, Talcott JA (2003) Measuring patients' perceptions of the outcomes of treatment for early prostate cancer. Med Care 41(8):923–936 CrossRefPubMed Clark JA, Bokhour BG, Inui TS, Silliman RA, Talcott JA (2003) Measuring patients' perceptions of the outcomes of treatment for early prostate cancer. Med Care 41(8):923–936 CrossRefPubMed
37.
Zurück zum Zitat Hopwood P, Fletcher I, Lee A, Al Ghazal S (2001) A body image scale for use with cancer patients. Eur J Cancer 37(2):189–197 CrossRefPubMed Hopwood P, Fletcher I, Lee A, Al Ghazal S (2001) A body image scale for use with cancer patients. Eur J Cancer 37(2):189–197 CrossRefPubMed
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Cella DF, Tulsky DS, Gray G, Sarafian B, Linn E, Bonomi A, Silberman M, Yellen SB, Winicour P, Brannon J, Eckberg K, Lloyd S, Purl S, Blendowski C, Goodman M, Barnicle M, Stewart I, McHale M, Bonomi P, Kaplan E, Taylor S, Thomas C, Harris J (1993) The functional assessment of Cancer therapy scale: development and validation of the general measure. J Clin Oncol 11(3):570–579. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1200/​JCO.​1993.​11.​3.​570 CrossRefPubMed Cella DF, Tulsky DS, Gray G, Sarafian B, Linn E, Bonomi A, Silberman M, Yellen SB, Winicour P, Brannon J, Eckberg K, Lloyd S, Purl S, Blendowski C, Goodman M, Barnicle M, Stewart I, McHale M, Bonomi P, Kaplan E, Taylor S, Thomas C, Harris J (1993) The functional assessment of Cancer therapy scale: development and validation of the general measure. J Clin Oncol 11(3):570–579. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1200/​JCO.​1993.​11.​3.​570 CrossRefPubMed
Metadaten
Titel
Perceptions of masculinity and body image in men with prostate cancer: the role of exercise
verfasst von
David Michael Langelier
Prue Cormie
William Bridel
Christopher Grant
Natalia Albinati
Jena Shank
Julia Teresa Daun
Tak S. Fung
Colin Davey
S. Nicole Culos-Reed
Publikationsdatum
13.04.2018
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Supportive Care in Cancer / Ausgabe 10/2018
Print ISSN: 0941-4355
Elektronische ISSN: 1433-7339
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-018-4178-1

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 10/2018

Supportive Care in Cancer 10/2018 Zur Ausgabe

Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.