Skip to main content
main-content

01.04.2015 | Gastrointestinal Oncology | Ausgabe 4/2015

Annals of Surgical Oncology 4/2015

Peritoneal Surface Disease (PSD) from Appendiceal Cancer Treated with Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC): Overview of 481 Cases

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 4/2015
Autoren:
MD, PhD, FACS Konstantinos I. Votanopoulos, MS Greg Russell, MD Reese W. Randle, MD Perry Shen, MD John H. Stewart, MD Edward A. Levine
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented at The Society of Surgical Oncology 67th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, March 12–15, 2014. ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, San Francisco, CA January 16–18, 2014.

Abstract

Background

Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) used to treat peritoneal surface disease (PSD) from appendiceal cancer have shown variability in survival outcomes. The primary goal of this study was to determine predictors of surgical morbidity and overall survival. The secondary goal was to describe the impact of nodal status on survival after CRS/HIPEC for PSD from low-grade appendiceal (LGA) and high-grade appendiceal (HGA) primary lesions.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of 1,069 procedures from a prospective database was performed. Patient characteristics, tumor grade, nodal status, performance status, resection status, morbidity, mortality, and survival were reviewed.

Results

The study identified 481 CRS/HIPEC procedures: 317 (77.3 %) for LGA and 93 (22.7 %) for HGA lesions. The median follow-up period was 44.4 months, and the 30-day major morbidity and mortality rates were respectively 27.8 and 2.7 %. Major morbidity was jointly predicted by incomplete cytoreduction (p = 0.0037), involved nodes (p < 0.0001), and comorbidities (p = 0.003). Multivariate negative predictors of survival included positive nodal status (p = 0.003), incomplete cytoreduction (p < 0.0001), and preoperative chemotherapy (p = 0.04) in LGA patients and incomplete cytoreduction (p = 0.0003) and preoperative chemotherapy (p = 0.0064) in HGA patients. After complete cytoreduction, median survival was worse for patients with positive nodes than for those with negative nodes in LGA (85 months vs not reached [82 % alive at 90 months]; p = 0.002) and HGA (30 vs 153 months; p < 0.0001).

Conclusions

Positive nodes are associated with decreased survival not only for HGA patients but also for LGA patients even after complete cytoreduction. Nodal status further stratifies histologic grade as a prognostic indicator of survival. Patients with node-negative HGA primary lesions who receive a complete cytoreduction may experience survival comparable with that for LGA patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2015

Annals of Surgical Oncology 4/2015 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise