Skip to main content
main-content

01.02.2012 | Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2012

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 1/2012

Pharmacists’ attitudes towards an evidence-based approach for over-the-counter medication

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy > Ausgabe 1/2012
Autoren:
Lezley-Anne Hanna, Carmel M. Hughes

Abstract

Background With increasing deregulation of prescription-only medicines and drive for self-care, pharmacists have greater scope to manage more conditions. This brings added responsibility to be competent healthcare professionals who deliver high quality evidence-based patient care. Objective This study sought to establish pharmacists’ attitudes towards an evidence based approach for over-the-counter medication. Setting Pharmacists working in community pharmacies across Northern Ireland. Method Following ethical approval, a pre-piloted, self-completed questionnaire was distributed to all community pharmacies in Northern Ireland (n = 529) in September 2008. The development of the questionnaire was largely informed by the findings of a previous qualitative study. It consisted of six sections (mainly closed questions) covering factors that influence decisions regarding over-the-counter medication, recently deregulated prescription-only medicines, medications that lack evidence of effectiveness, knowledge of evidence-based practice, evidence-based practice with over-the-counter medication and demographic information. On receipt of questionnaires, responses to the closed questions were imported into SPSS® (version 17.0) for analysis which largely took the form of descriptive statistics. Chi-square and the Mann–Whitney U test were used for association between responses and demographic information with an a priori level of less than 0.05 (P < 0.05) set as significant. Main outcome measure Pharmacists’ attitudes and opinions in relation to decision making about over-the-counter medication and evidence of effectiveness were measured. Results A 39.5% (209/529) response rate was achieved. Most pharmacists [191/208 (91.8%)] ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘agreed’ that safety was the over-riding concern when dealing with over-the-counter medication. While 88.3% (181/205) ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘agreed’ that they were familiar with the concept of evidence-based practice, only 38.0% (78/205) ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘agreed’ they knew how to critically appraise research papers. Furthermore, less than a quarter [49/205 (23.9%)] appeared to be familiar with the work of the Cochrane Collaboration. Most [188/207 (90.8%)] ‘strongly agreed’ or ‘agreed’ that regardless of evidence of effectiveness, cough medicines were an important management option. Conclusion Safety was the primary concern when making decisions about over-the counter medicines. Pharmacists lacked knowledge of evidence-based practice and considered medicines which lacked evidence of effectiveness to have an important role in self-care. These factors present barriers to the widespread implementation of evidence-based practice.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Alle e.Med Abos bis 30. April 2021 zum halben Preis!

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2012

International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 1/2012 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise