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17.05.2019 | Original Article

Pharmacokinetics of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) as a single agent or in combination with pertuzumab in HER2-positive breast cancer patients with recurrent or locally advanced metastatic breast cancer

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Autoren:
Dan Lu, Chunze Li, Matthew Riggs, Daniel Polhamus, Jonathan French, Priya Agarwal, Shang-Chiung Chen, Shweta Vadhavkar, Monika Patre, Alexander Strasak, Angelica Quartino, Jin Yan Jin, Sandhya Girish
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00280-019-03852-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Purpose

The phase III MARIANNE study investigated single-agent trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) and combination T-DM1 plus pertuzumab as the first-line treatment for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Pharmacokinetic properties of T-DM1 and pertuzumab in these patients and the potential for drug–drug interactions (DDIs) were assessed.

Methods

Pharmacokinetic samples of T-DM1-related analytes (T-DM1 conjugate, total trastuzumab, DM1) and pertuzumab were analyzed. Observed pharmacokinetic data were summarized for all analytes. Historical population pharmacokinetic models for T-DM1 conjugate and pertuzumab in HER2-positive MBC were used to derive empirical Bayes estimates of pharmacokinetic parameters.

Results

In MARIANNE (N = 375), mean ± standard deviation population pharmacokinetic model-predicted Cycle 1 Cmax for T-DM1 conjugate was 74.4 ± 10.1 µg/mL, Cycle 1 Ctrough was 1.34 ± 0.802 µg/mL, and area under the concentration–time curve from time zero to infinity after first dose (AUCinf) was 338 ± 69.5 µg*day/mL. These values were similar to other T-DM1 studies. Pharmacokinetics of T-DM1 conjugate and other analytes (total trastuzumab, DM1) were similar with or without pertuzumab. In the pertuzumab plus T-DM1 arm, mean model-predicted Cycle 1 pertuzumab Cmax, Ctrough, and AUCinf were 276 ± 50.0 µg/mL, 64.8 ± 17.9 μg/mL, and 4470 ± 1360 µg*day/mL, respectively. These values were similar to other pertuzumab studies.

Conclusions

Based on the population pharmacokinetic analysis of T-DM1 conjugate and pertuzumab, pharmacokinetics are similar across different lines of treatment and stages of disease including previously untreated MBC patients, and no DDIs were identified for combined use of T-DM1 and pertuzumab.

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1062 kb)
280_2019_3852_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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