Skip to main content
main-content

01.02.2008 | Preclinical Studies | Ausgabe 1/2008

Investigational New Drugs 1/2008

Pharmacological evaluation of C-3 modified Betulinic acid derivatives with potent anticancer activity

Zeitschrift:
Investigational New Drugs > Ausgabe 1/2008
Autoren:
Praveen Rajendran, Manu Jaggi, Manoj K. Singh, Rama Mukherjee, Anand C. Burman

Summary

In vitro and in vivo pharmacological screening of Betulinic acid (BA) and five dihydro-BA derivatives modified at C-3 position [4-nitrobenzyl-oximino (1), 2-4-difluoro-benzoyloxy (2), 2-4-difluoro-benzylidene-amino (3), benzoyl-hydrazono (4), and 4-fluorophenyl-hydrazono (5)], having potent in vitro anti-cancer activity was carried out using ADME, animal PK and tumor studies. We found that BA and the derivatives had poor aqueous solubility (<0.1 μg/ml), low to moderate permeability (log Pe < −5.0) and high plasma protein binding (>70%). Although BA and 5 were metabolized by human liver microsomes, derivatives 1, 2, 3 and 4 possessed good in vitro metabolic stability. Except 3 which inhibited CYP1A2 isoform by more than 50% none of the other compounds inhibited key cytochrome P450 enzyme isoforms (CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4) at 10 μM. Based on in vitro results one derivative 1 was tested in rodent PK and tumor studies. We found that 1 exhibited favorable pharmacokinetic characteristics of a systemically administered drug and showed better in vivo anti-tumor efficacy as compared to BA in a human colon cancer xenograft model. Our results show that BA derivatives are potential anti-cancer compounds which need to be explored in detail.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Alle e.Med Abos bis 30. April 2021 zum halben Preis!

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2008

Investigational New Drugs 1/2008 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise