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01.10.2011 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 10/2011

International Orthopaedics 10/2011

Physeal injuries of the proximal humerus: long-term results in seventy two patients

Zeitschrift:
International Orthopaedics > Ausgabe 10/2011
Autoren:
Harald Binder, Mark Schurz, Silke Aldrian, Christian Fialka, Vilmos Vécsei

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to evaluate our treatment methods of proximal humeral physeal injuries retrospectively and elucidate the relationship between the trauma mechanism, the radiographic injury pattern, the consequent therapy and the functional outcome, and to further deduct and verify prognostic criteria.

Methods

At our Department of Trauma Surgery, 303 children and adolescent patients with fractures of the proximal humeral epiphysis were treated from 1992 to 2009. 72 cases were diagnosed as physeal fractures according to the Salter–Harris classification and were included in our study.

Results

15 physeal fractures of the proximal humerus were reconstructed anatomically by open or closed reduction and produced 93.3% excellent results. 57 physeal fractures were treated in a conservative way and produced 94.7% excellent results.

Conclusion

We state that epiphyseal injuries should to be treated depending on the age of the patient. This is the only way to decrease the rate of posttraumatic epiphysiodesis with consequent problems, including limb-length discrepancy and/or angular deformities.

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