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27.04.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2019

International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 1/2019

Physical activity correlates among persons with type 2 diabetes in Jamaica

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Carron D. Gordon, Gail A. Nelson

Abstract

Despite the importance of physical activity in the management of diabetes, many persons with diabetes do not meet the recommended levels. This may be influenced by lack of knowledge of the benefits of exercise and common barriers such as lack of time. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with physical activity level in Jamaicans with type 2 diabetes. One hundred and ninety-four persons participated. A demographic questionnaire, a questionnaire to assess knowledge of exercise benefits, the barriers section of the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were administered. The mean age of the sample was 57.5 years. Thirty-eight point seven percent (38.7%) was low active, 33.5% was moderately active and 26% was highly active. Common barriers were the following: perception of exercise as hard work, exercise as tiring and exercise as fatiguing. A greater percentage of those who were low active perceived exercise as tiring compared to those who were highly active (p = 0.004). Younger persons were more active than older persons (p = 0.005), and employed persons were more active than the unemployed (p = 0.000). Knowledge was not significantly related to physical activity level. Physical activity level is low in persons with diabetes in Jamaica. Perception of exercise as hard work, tiring and fatiguing is a common barrier. Older persons and the unemployed are more likely to be inactive. Education and individualized physical activity counselling are necessary to assist with overcoming barriers and increasing physical activity in this population.

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