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01.12.2014 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

The Ultrasound Journal 1/2014

Point-of-care ultrasound detection of tracheal wall thickening caused by smoke inhalation

Zeitschrift:
The Ultrasound Journal > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
Toru Kameda, Masato Fujita
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​2036-7902-6-11) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests in association with this study.

Authors' contributions

TK drafted and edited the manuscript. MF edited the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Smoke inhalation is the leading cause of death due to fires. When a patient presents with smoke inhalation, prompt assessment of the airway and breathing is necessary. Point-of-care ultrasonography (US) is used for the rapid assessment of critically ill or injured patients. We herein present a case report of a 54-year-old male who was transferred to the emergency department with shortness of breath, coughing, carbonaceous sputa, and rhinorrhea after inhaling smoke caused by a fire in his locked bedroom. He had no surface burns on the face and no edema or erosion in the oral cavity. He had hoarseness without stridor. His breath sounds were positive for expiratory wheezes. Laryngoscopy showed light edema and erosive findings on the supraglottic region. Bedside point-of-care US revealed hypoechoic thickening of the tracheal wall. The thickening was confirmed by a computed tomographic scan. The patient was carefully monitored with preparation for emergency airway management and was treated with supplemental oxygen and an aerosolized beta-2 adrenergic agonist in the intensive care unit. The symptoms were subsequently relieved, and reexamination by US after 2 days showed remission of the wall thickening. Point-of-care US may therefore be a useful modality for the rapid diagnosis and effective follow-up of tracheal wall thickening caused by smoke inhalation.
Zusatzmaterial
Authors’ original file for figure 1
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Authors’ original file for figure 2
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Authors’ original file for figure 3
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Authors’ original file for figure 4
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Literatur
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