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01.12.2014 | Original Article – Cancer Research | Ausgabe 12/2014 Open Access

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2014

Polymorphisms in TS, MTHFR and ERCC1 genes as predictive markers in first-line platinum and pemetrexed therapy in NSCLC patients

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Paweł Krawczyk, Tomasz Kucharczyk, Dariusz M. Kowalski, Tomasz Powrózek, Rodryg Ramlau, Ewa Kalinka-Warzocha, Kinga Winiarczyk, Magdalena Knetki-Wróblewska, Kamila Wojas-Krawczyk, Katarzyna Kałakucka, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Maciej Krzakowski, Janusz Milanowski

Abstract

Purpose

We presented retrospective analysis of up to five polymorphisms in TS, MTHFR and ERCC1 genes as molecular predictive markers for homogeneous Caucasian, non-squamous NSCLC patients treated with pemetrexed and platinum front-line chemotherapy.

Methods

The following polymorphisms in DNA isolated from 115 patients were analyzed: various number of 28-bp tandem repeats in 5′-UTR region of TS gene, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within the second tandem repeat of TS gene (G>C); 6-bp deletion in 3′-UTR region of the TS (1494del6); 677C>T SNP in MTHFR; 19007C>T SNP in ERCC1. Molecular examinations’ results were correlated with disease control rate, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival.

Results

Polymorphic tandem repeat sequence (2R, 3R) in the enhancer region of TS gene and G>C SNP within the second repeat of 3R allele seem to be important for the effectiveness of platinum and pemetrexed in first-line chemotherapy. The insignificant shortening of PFS in 3R/3R homozygotes as compared to 2R/2R and 2R/3R genotypes were observed, while it was significantly shorter in patients carrying synchronous 3R allele and G nucleotide. The combined analysis of TS VNTR and MTHFR 677C>T SNP revealed shortening of PFS in synchronous carriers of 3R allele in TS and two C alleles in MTHFR. The strongest factors increased the risk of progression were poor PS, weight loss, anemia and synchronous presence of 3R allele and G nucleotide in the second repeat of 3R allele in TS. Moreover, lack of application of second-line chemotherapy, weight loss and poor performance status and above-mentioned genotype of TS gene increased risk of early mortality.

Conclusion

The examined polymorphisms should be accounted as molecular predictor factors for pemetrexed- and platinum-based front-line chemotherapy in non-squamous NSCLC patients.

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