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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Nephrology 1/2017

Poor predictability of QuantiFERON-TB assay in recipients and donors for tuberculosis development after kidney transplantation in an intermediate-TB-burden country

Zeitschrift:
BMC Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Enkthuya Jambaldorj, Miyeun Han, Jong Cheol Jeong, Tai Yeon Koo, Sang Il Min, Eun Young Song, Jongwon Ha, Curie Ahn, Jaeseok Yang

Abstract

Background

Tuberculosis (TB) is a common opportunistic infection after kidney transplantation (KT). The QuantiFERON-TB-Gold In-Tube test (QFT) is widely used for assessing latent TB; however, it is currently unclear whether the pre-KT QFT of the recipient and donor can predict post-KT TB.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients who received KT between January 2009 and December 2015 at Seoul National University Hospital. The QFT was performed in 458 KT recipients and 239 paired living donors, and 138 KT recipients underwent both the QFT and tuberculin skin test (TST). After excluding 12 patients diagnosed as having clinically latent TB, we evaluated whether the QFT of the recipient and donor was predictive for new-onset active TB after KT.

Results

The QFT was positive in 101 (22.1%) recipients and associated with clinically latent TB before KT (P < 0.05). However, agreement between the TST and QFT was poor (κ = 0.327). Post-KT TB occurred in 1 of 95 recipients with a positive QFT, and 2 cases of TB occurred among 351 patients with a negative or indeterminate QFT. The incidence of TB was 242 cases/100,000 person-years among 446 KT recipients with a median follow-up of 30.2 months. The QFT of recipients could not predict post-KT TB in Poisson regression analysis (relative risk [RR], 1.847; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.168–20.373; P = 0.616). Of 234 living donor-recipient pairs, the QFT of the recipient (RR, 5.012; 95% CI, 0.301–83.430; P = 0.261) and QFT of the donor (RR, 1.758; 95% CI, 0.106–29.274; P = 0.694) could not predict post-KT TB.

Conclusion

The QFT of recipients or living donors pre-KT cannot predict the short-term development of post-KT TB in an intermediate TB-burden country.
Literatur
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