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08.02.2020 | Original Article

Post-placental Intrauterine Device Insertion Versus Delayed Intrauterine Device Insertion: An Observational Study

Zeitschrift:
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
Autoren:
MBBS, MD Nadia Khurshid, MBBS, MD Shehnaz Taing, MBBS, MD Ambreen Qureshi, MBBS Insha Jan Khanyari
Wichtige Hinweise
Dr. Nadia Khurshid: Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India; Shahnaz Taing: Professor and HOD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lal Ded Hospital, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India; Dr. Ambreen Qureshi: Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lal Ded Hospital, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India; Dr. Insha Jan Khanyari: Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lal Ded Hospital, Government Medical College, Srinagar, India.

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Abstract

Immediate post-placental IUD insertion is defined as IUD insertion within 10 min of the expulsion of the placenta. Although the expulsion rate in post-placental insertion is higher than interval insertion, the benefits of highly effective contraception immediately after delivery may outweigh the risks of expulsion.

Aims

To compare post-placental IUD (PPIUD) insertion with interval IUD insertion (IIUD) in terms of safety, effect on menstrual cycle, efficacy and satisfaction.

Materials and Methods

After meeting all eligibility criteria, the patients were asked to choose between post-placental IUD insertion and interval/delayed IUD insertion. In PPIUD group, insertion was done within 10 min of expulsion of placenta by hand technique. Individuals in IIUD group were asked to return after 6 weeks for IUD insertion by withdrawal technique. Both the groups were followed at 6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months by history, physical examination, per speculum examination and ultrasonography.

Observations

238 patients were allocated to PPIUD group and 273 to IIUD group. In the PPIUD group, there was no bleeding/spotting demonstrable as it was masked by the lochia. Mild pain at insertion was seen in only 11 patients in the PPIUD group. Slight bleeding/spotting was seen in 7.8% patients in the IIUD group, while mild to moderate pain was seen in 39.9% patients. At 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year follow up with regard to patients complaining of pelvic pain/dysmenorrhea, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. Our study found that irregular bleeding or spotting was more in interval insertion than in the post-placental group. The difference in the two groups was statistically significant at 6 weeks and 6 months, but was not significant at 1 year. There was no case of perforation in either group. Our study found a statistically significant difference in expulsion after post-placental compared to delayed insertion. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p = 0.006) for cumulative expulsion. However, for interval expulsion rate, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.6). In our study, continuation rates appear to be higher in the PPIUD group, but the difference is not statistically significant.

Conclusion

PPIUD is a safe, easy and effective alternative to interval IUD insertion and qualifies to be popularized as a first-line contraceptive agent in eligible patients owing to its immediate and sustained contraceptive benefit, patient comfort, convenience and lower incidence of side effects.

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