24.09.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2020
Postoperative complications of intestinal anastomosis after blunt abdominal trauma
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
- Ismail Mahmood, Fuad Mustafa, Basil Younis, Khalid Ahmed, Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Ammar Al-Hassani, Ruben Peralta, Hassan Al-Thani
Intestinal disruption following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality despite the advances in resuscitation and management. We aim to analyze the management and postoperative outcomes of intestinal injuries secondary to blunt abdominal trauma.
We retrospectively reviewed all adult patients with intestinal injuries who underwent laparotomy for BAT between December 2008 and September 2015 at Level I trauma center. Data included demographics, mechanism of injury, site (small and large intestine), type of repair, (enterorrhaphy and resection with anastomosis), type of anastomosis (hand-sewn or stapled anastomoses), need for damage control laparotomy, postoperative complications, and mortality. Data were analyzed and compared for postoperative complications.
A total of 160 patients with bowel injuries were included with mean age of 33 years, and 95.6% were males. Injuries involving small bowel, colon, and combined small and large bowel were found in 57.5%, 33.1%, and 9.4%, respectively, with only two duodenal and one rectal injury cases. There were 46.3% patients underwent debridement and primary closure, while 53.8% required resection with anastomosis. Anastomoses were side-to-side stapled in 79.1%, hand-sewn in 14.0%, and combination in 7.0% of patients. The overall postoperative complications (17.5%) in terms of wound infection (n = 16), intra-abdominal abscess (n = 13), and anastomotic leak (n = 13). There were two deaths occurred because of bowel injury complications. Need for blood transfusion, high serum lactate, number of re-laparotomies, and mortality were significantly associated with postoperative complications. On multivariate regression analysis, serum lactate (OR 1.27; 95% CI 1.01–1.60; p = 0.04) was found to be the independent predictor of postoperative complications.
Repair of traumatic blunt bowel injury remains a surgical challenge.