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12.07.2018 | Original Contribution

Postprandial metabolic responses to ingestion of bovine glycomacropeptide compared to a whey protein isolate in prediabetic volunteers

European Journal of Nutrition
Anja S. Hoefle, Adina M. Bangert, Manuela J. Rist, Kurt Gedrich, Yu-Mi Lee, Thomas Skurk, Jürgen Danier, Uwe Schwarzenbolz, Hannelore Daniel
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00394-018-1763-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Whey protein was shown to reduce blood glucose responses in humans and various other positive effects have been attributed to this protein. In contrast, studies using glycomacropeptide (GMP) as part of the whey fraction of bovine milk are rare. We, therefore, studied the postprandial responses to GMP administration in humans with impaired glucose tolerance compared to the effects of pure whey protein in a random design.


Fifteen prediabetic volunteers received on different occasions one of three test drinks containing 50 g of maltodextrin19 (MD19) alone or in combination with either 50 g GMP or 50 g whey protein isolate (WPI). Blood was collected over 4 h with analysis of blood glucose and hormones, gastric emptying rate as well as plasma amino- and fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate and acylcarnitines.


The WPI drink reduced the AUC of venous blood glucose compared to the MD19 drink in the prediabetic group by 11% (p = 0.0018) whereas GMP reduced the AUC by 18% (p < 0.0001), significantly different to the WPI drink (p = 0.0384). The reduction in blood glucose after the GMP drink was accompanied by a significantly lower AUC of insulin (− 34%) than for the WPI drink. Levels of C-peptide and of glucose insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) were highly increased after the WPI drink over the MD19 control drink but remained in essence unaffected by the GMP.


GMP reduced the glycemic response more potently than whey protein, whereas insulin output was less affected making GMP an interesting protein to control postprandial glucose responses.

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