Potent Systemic Antitumor Immunity Induced by Vaccination with Chemotactic-Prostate Tumor Associated Antigen Gene-Modified Tumor Cell and Blockade of B7-H1
NING LI, HANJUN QIN, XIAOZHU LI, CHUNXIA ZHOU, DONGMEI WANG, WENBO MA, CHEN LIN, YOUHUI ZHANG, SHENGDIAN WANG, SHUREN ZHANG
Journal of Clinical Immunology
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
We previously reported that several DNA fragments from human prostate-specific membrane antigen (hPSM), mouse prostatic acid phosphatase (mPAP), and human prostate-specific antigen (hPSA) genes were selected and fused to create a novel hPSM-mPAP-hPSA fusion gene (named 3P gene), and human secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine (SLC), 3P, and human IgG Fc genes were inserted into pcDNA3.1 to construct a DNA vaccine, designated pSLC-3P-Fc. In this report, to establish a more efficient treatment for immunotherapy against prostate cancer, the construct was transfected into B16F10 to generate gene-modified tumor cell vaccine (named B16F10-SLC-3P-Fc). In poorly immunogenic B16F10 mouse melanoma model, the immunization with B16F10-SLC-3P-Fc resulted in a strong antitumor response and 50% of tumor-bearing mice achieved long-term survival (>120 days). In vivo depletion of lymphocytes indicated that CD8+ T cells were involved in the direct tumor killing, whereas CD4+ T lymphocytes were required for the induction of CD8+ CTL response in B16F10-SLC-3P-Fc-immunized mice. Splenocytes from B16F10-SLC-3P-Fc-immunized mice specifically recognized and lysed PSM, PAP, PSA, and 3P expressing tumor cells. The combined therapy of B16F10-SLC-3P-Fc plus anti-B7-H1 MAbs further enhanced the immune response. Rechallenge experiment showed that a persistent memory response was successfully induced by the combined therapy. These observations suggest pSLC-3P-Fc-modified tumor cells could serve as a vaccine against prostate cancer, and the therapy combined with anti-B7-H1 MAbs further enhanced the antitumor immune response.