Skip to main content
main-content

25.03.2020 | Assisted Reproduction Technologies

Pre-implantation genetic testing alters the sex ratio: an analysis of 91,805 embryo transfer cycles

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Autoren:
Kathryn Shaia, Tracy Truong, Carl Pieper, Anne Steiner
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

To determine if pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT) shifts the sex ratio (SER), the ratio of male to female births in a population normalized to 100 and typically stable at 105, following in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Methods

Data from 2014 to 2016 was requested from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies (SART) database including fresh and frozen transfer cycles. Women with a singleton live birth following a fresh or frozen autologous embryo transfer of a PGT blastocyst, non-PGT blastocyst, or non-PGT cleavage stage embryo were included. The SER between groups was compared using chi-square tests. Modified Poisson regression modeled the relative risk (RR) of having a male compared to a female among PGT blastocyst transfers versus non-PGT cleavage and blastocyst transfers adjusting for age, BMI, smoking status, race, parity, number of oocytes retrieved, and clinic region.

Results

The SER was 110 among PGT blastocyst offspring, 107 among non-PGT blastocyst offspring (p = 0.005), and 99 among non-PGT cleavage offspring (p < 0.001). The risk of having a male infant was 2% higher among PGT blastocyst transfers compared to non-PGT blastocyst transfers (RR 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.04). The risk was 5% higher among PGT blastocyst transfers compared to non-PGT cleavage transfers (RR 1.05; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.07). The association between PGT and infant gender did not significantly differ by region (p = 0.57) or parity (p = 0.59).

Conclusion

Utilizing PGT shifts the SER in the IVF population from the standard of 105 to 110, increasing the probability of a male offspring.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Gynäkologie & Urologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.