To compare the ability of different size estimates to predict spontaneous passage of ureteral stones using a 3D-segmentation and to investigate the impact of manual measurement variability on the prediction of stone passage.
We retrospectively included 391 consecutive patients with ureteral stones on non-contrast-enhanced CT (NECT). Three-dimensional segmentation size estimates were compared to the mean of three radiologists’ measurements. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for the prediction of spontaneous passage for each estimate. The difference in predicted passage probability between the manual estimates in upper and lower stones was compared.
The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the measurements ranged from 0.88 to 0.90. Between the automated 3D algorithm and the manual measurements the 95% limits of agreement were 0.2 ± 1.4 mm for the width. The manual bone window measurements resulted in a > 20 percentage point (ppt) difference between the readers in the predicted passage probability in 44% of the upper and 6% of the lower ureteral stones.
All automated 3D algorithm size estimates independently predicted the spontaneous stone passage with similar high accuracy as the mean of three readers’ manual linear measurements. Manual size estimation of upper stones showed large inter-reader variations for spontaneous passage prediction.
• An automated 3D technique predicts spontaneous stone passage with high accuracy.
• Linear, areal and volumetric measurements performed similarly in predicting stone passage.
• Reader variability has a large impact on the predicted prognosis for stone passage.
Sandegård E (1956) Prognosis of stone in the ureter. Acta Chir Scand Suppl 219:1–67 PubMed
Jendeberg J, Geijer H, Alshamari M et al (2017) Size matters: The width and location of a ureteral stone accurately predict the chance of spontaneous passage. Eur Radiol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-017-4852-6
Türk C, Petřík A, Sarica K et al (2016) EAU Guidelines on diagnosis and conservative management of urolithiasis. Eur Urol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2015.07.040
- Prediction of spontaneous ureteral stone passage: Automated 3D-measurements perform equal to radiologists, and linear measurements equal to volumetric
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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