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01.09.2009 | Ausgabe 9/2009

Surgical Endoscopy 9/2009

Predictive factors for surgical complications of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 9/2009
Autoren:
Chikara Kunisaki, Hirochika Makino, Ryo Takagawa, Kei Sato, Mayumi Kawamata, Amane Kanazawa, Naoto Yamamoto, Yasuhiko Nagano, Shoichi Fujii, Hidetaka A. Ono, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Hiroshi Shimada

Abstract

Background

Some studies have found high incidences of intraoperative and postoperative complications for patients with gastric cancer. To determine the predictive factors for the surgical complications of laparoscopic gastric surgery, surgical outcomes were evaluated.

Methods

Between April 2002 and December 2007, 152 patients with preoperatively diagnosed early gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) were enrolled. Visceral (VFA) and subcutaneous fat areas (SFA) were assessed by Fat Scan software. The predictive factors for surgical complications of LADG were evaluated by univariate and logistic regression analyses.

Results

Of 152 patients, conversion to open surgery due to uncontrollable bleeding was observed in nine male patients, and postoperative complications were detected in seven male and one female patient (four anastomotic leakage, two intraabdominal abscess, one pancreatic fistula, and one lymphorrhea). High body mass index (BMI) and high VFA independently predicted conversion to open surgery and postoperative complications. VFA was significantly higher, operation time was longer, blood loss was greater, and SFA was lower in male than in female patients, whereas no significant difference was observed in BMI between male and female patients.

Conclusions

High BMI and high VFA can predict technical difficulties during laparoscopic gastric surgery and postoperative complications. Particularly, LADG should be performed cautiously to prevent surgical complications for male patients with high VFA. Predictive impact of VFA should be further determined in a larger set of patients.

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