We aimed to investigate the roles of hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and dynamic change during treatment on outcomes of patients with extremity osteosarcoma.
We retrospectively analysed 133 patients with Enneking stage IIB extremity osteosarcoma who underwent standard treatments, including univariate and multivariate analyses of patient charateritics, Hb concentrations and changes during pretreatment, neoadjuvant, adjuvant chemotherapy, and decreased Hb levels (ΔHb) to assess their prognostic value in 5-year overall survival (OS) and lung metastasis-free survival (LMFS).
Five-year OS or LMFS were similar between patients who were anaemic and non-anaemic during pretreatment, neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with continuously decreasing Hb had lower 5-year OS (52.3%) than those without continuous Hb decrease (68.5%, P = 0.04). Patients with ΔHb > 7.6 g/L had lower 5-year OS (57.5%) than those with ΔHb ≤7.6 g/L (75.8%, P = 0.04). However, continuous Hb decrease had no prognostic effect on 5-year LMFS. Subgroup analyses showed that patients who were anaemic during pretreatment, neoadjuvant, or adjuvant chemotherapy with ΔHb ≤7.6 g/L had better outcomes than those with ΔHb > 7.6 g/L (P < 0.05, for both).
Dynamic Hb decrease and ΔHb > 7.6 predicted poor5-year OS in patients with Enneking stage IIB extremity osteosarcoma. Attempts to correct anaemia and their effects on outcomes for osteosarcoma patients should be investigated in future trials.