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01.12.2018 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Critical Care 1/2018

Predictors of health-related quality of life after burn injuries: a systematic review

Zeitschrift:
Critical Care > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Inge Spronk, Catherine M. Legemate, Jan Dokter, Nancy E. E. van Loey, Margriet E. van Baar, Suzanne Polinder
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13054-018-2071-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Identifying predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQL) following burns is essential for optimization of rehabilitation for burn survivors. This study aimed to systematically review predictors of HRQL in burn patients.

Methods

Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were reviewed from inception to October 2016 for studies that investigated at least one predictor of HRQL after burns. The Quality in Prognostic Studies tool was used to assess risk of bias of included studies.

Results

Thirty-two studies were included. Severity of burns, postburn depression, post-traumatic stress symptoms, avoidance coping, less emotional or social support, higher levels of neuroticism, and unemployment postburn were found to predict a poorer HRQL after burns in multivariable analyses. In addition, weaker predictors included female gender, pain, and a postburn substance use disorder. Risk of bias was generally low in outcome measurement and high in study attrition and study confounding.

Conclusions

HRQL after burns is affected by the severity of burns and the psychological response to the trauma. Both constructs provide unique information and knowledge that are necessary for optimized rehabilitation. Therefore, both physical and psychological problems require attention months to years after the burn trauma.
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