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Erschienen in: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 5/2022

10.05.2022 | Original Article

Prehospital extremity tourniquet placements—performance evaluation of non-EMS placement of a lifesaving device

verfasst von: Ava K. Mokhtari, Sarah Mikdad, Casey Luckhurst, John Hwabejire, Jason Fawley, Jonathan J. Parks, April E. Mendoza, Haytham M. A. Kaafarani, George C. Velmahos, Frank W. Bloemers, Noelle N. Saillant

Erschienen in: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery | Ausgabe 5/2022

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Abstract

Background

The education of civilians and first responders in prehospital tourniquet (PT) utilization has spread rapidly. We aimed to describe trends in emergency medical services (EMS) and non-EMS PT utilization, and their ability to identify proper clinical indications and to appropriately apply tourniquets in the field.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate all adult patients with PTs who presented at two Level I trauma centers between January 2015 and December 2019. Data were collected via an electronic patient query tool and cross-referenced with institutional Trauma Registries. Medically trained abstractors determined if PTs were clinically indicated (limb amputation, vascular hard signs, injury requiring hemostasis procedure, or significant documented blood loss). PTs were further designated as appropriately or inappropriately applied (based on tourniquet location, venous tourniquet, greater than 2-h ischemic time). Descriptive statistics and univariate analyses were performed.

Results

146 patients met inclusion criteria. The incidence of yearly PT placements increased between 2015 and 2019, with an increase in placement by non-EMS personnel (police, firefighter, bystander, and patient). Improvised PTs were frequently utilized by bystanders and patients, whereas first responders had high rates of commercial tourniquet use. A high proportion of tourniquets were placed without indication (72/146, 49%); however, the proportion of PTs placed without a proper indication across applier groups was not statistically different (p = 0.99). Rates of inappropriately applied PTs ranged from 21 to 46% across all groups applying PTs.

Conclusions

PT placement was increasingly performed by non-EMS personnel. Present data indicate that non-EMS persons applied PTs at a similar performance level of those applied by EMS.
Study LevelLevel III
Literatur
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Metadaten
Titel
Prehospital extremity tourniquet placements—performance evaluation of non-EMS placement of a lifesaving device
verfasst von
Ava K. Mokhtari
Sarah Mikdad
Casey Luckhurst
John Hwabejire
Jason Fawley
Jonathan J. Parks
April E. Mendoza
Haytham M. A. Kaafarani
George C. Velmahos
Frank W. Bloemers
Noelle N. Saillant
Publikationsdatum
10.05.2022
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery / Ausgabe 5/2022
Print ISSN: 1863-9933
Elektronische ISSN: 1863-9941
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-022-01973-4

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