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12.07.2018 | Original Article Open Access

Preoperative Coronary Anatomy Assessment with Echocardiography and Morbidity After Arterial Switch Operation of Transposition of the Great Arteries

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology
Autoren:
Love Ahlström, Michal Odermarsky, Torsten Malm, Jens Johansson Ramgren, Petru Liuba

Abstract

In transposition of the great arteries (TGA), certain coronary patterns have been associated with major adverse events early after the arterial switch operation (ASO). We sought to determine the impact of preoperative echocardiographic (ECHO) diagnosis on the intra­ and postoperative morbidity. All patients with TGA born between June 2001 and June 2017 and who underwent ASO were reviewed. Data on presumed coronary anatomy (CA) preoperatively were obtained from the preoperative ECHO report. Intraoperative CA was categorized according to Yacoub classification. Major postoperative morbidity included at least one of the following: delayed sternal closure (DSC), prolonged (> 72 h) mechanical ventilation, reintubation, peritoneal dialysis (PD), ECMO, reoperation, and readmission within 30 days after surgery. 240 patients with median age of 5 days (range 1–614) and mean weight at surgery was 3.6 kg (1.8–8.4) were included. Preoperative ECHO assessment of CA was available in 228 patients. Intraoperatively, 181 patients (75%) were found to have type A, 25 patients had type B or C or intramural (B–C–IM; 10%), and 34 patients had type D or E (D–E; 14%). Patients with types B, C, and intramural coronary (B–C–IM) had increased risk for delayed sternum closure (9/25 vs. 20/181 in type A and 8/34 in type D–E; p = 0.04), peritoneal dialysis (4/25 vs. 8/181 and 1/34; p = 0.04), and ECMO (2/25 vs. 1/131 and 1/34; p = 0.02). Within the B–C–IM group, preoperative ECHO raised suspicion of type A in 13 patients (i.e., incorrect diagnosis, ID; 52%), whereas non-A CA was suspected in 12 patients (i.e., correct diagnosis, CD; 48%). With the exception of reoperation, which was seen only in the ID subgroup (4/12 vs. 0/10 in the CD subgroup; p = 0.04), the intraoperative (cardiopulmonary bypass time and cross-clamp time) and postoperative morbidity indices were comparable in both ID and CD subgroups (p > 0.1). Although there is a significant risk for early postoperative morbidity in TGA patients with single, interarterial, and intramural CA, there seems to be relatively limited influence of preoperative ECHO assessment of coronary anatomy on this morbidity burden.

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