29.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 10/2018
Preoperative Fasting C-Peptide Predicts Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Remission in Low-BMI Chinese Patients After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
- Lei Zhao, Weizheng Li, Zhihong Su, Yong Liu, Liyong Zhu, Shaihong Zhu
This study investigated the role of preoperative fasting C-peptide (FCP) levels in predicting diabetic outcomes in low-BMI Chinese patients following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) by comparing the metabolic outcomes of patients with FCP > 1 ng/ml versus FCP ≤ 1 ng/ml.
The study sample included 78 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with an average BMI < 30 kg/m2 at baseline. Patients’ parameters were analyzed before and after surgery, with a 2-year follow-up. A univariate logistic regression analysis and multivariate analysis of variance between the remission and improvement group were performed to determine factors that were associated with type 2 diabetes remission after RYGB. Linear correlation analyses between FCP and metabolic parameters were performed. Patients were divided into two groups: FCP > 1 ng/ml and FCP ≤ 1 ng/ml, with measured parameters compared between the groups.
Patients’ fasting plasma glucose, 2-h postprandial plasma glucose, FCP, and HbA1c improved significantly after surgery (p < 0.05). Factors associated with type 2 diabetes remission were BMI, 2hINS, and FCP at the univariate logistic regression analysis (p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed then showed the results were more related to FCP (OR = 2.39). FCP showed a significant linear correlation with fasting insulin and BMI (p < 0.05). There was a significant difference in remission rate between the FCP > 1 ng/ml and FCP ≤ 1 ng/ml groups (p = 0.01). The parameters of patients with FCP > 1 ng/ml, including BMI, plasma glucose, HbA1c, and plasma insulin, decreased markedly after surgery (p < 0.05).
FCP level is a significant predictor of diabetes outcomes after RYGB in low-BMI Chinese patients. An FCP level of 1 ng/ml may be a useful threshold for predicting surgical prognosis, with FCP > 1 ng/ml predicting better clinical outcomes following RYGB.