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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Translational Medicine 1/2018

Preoperative metabolic tumor volume of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma measured by 18F-FDG-PET is associated with the KRAS mutation status and prognosis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Translational Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Yoshinobu Ikeno, Satoru Seo, Keiko Iwaisako, Tomoaki Yoh, Yuji Nakamoto, Hiroaki Fuji, Kojiro Taura, Hideaki Okajima, Toshimi Kaido, Shimon Sakaguchi, Shinji Uemoto
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12967-018-1475-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Surgical resection remains the mainstay of curative treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Prognosis after surgery is unsatisfactory despite improvements in treatment and post-operative clinical management. Despite developments in the molecular profiling of ICC, the preoperative prediction of prognosis remains a challenge. This study aimed to identify clinical prognostic indicators by investigating the molecular profiles of ICC and evaluating the preoperative imaging data of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET).

Methods

A retrospective analysis was performed on 50 consecutive patients with ICC who underwent curative hepatectomy after 18F-FDG-PET examination. To evaluate the molecular profiles of ICC, KRAS mutation status was assessed in resected specimens. For the assessment of glucose uptake, we observed the expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) by immunohistochemistry. The data of 18F-FDG-PET were re-evaluated as follows: maximum standardized uptake value, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Cut-off values were determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Cumulative overall survival (OS) was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier analysis.

Results

Overall, 16 (32.0%) patients had mutations in KRAS. Patients with mutated KRAS exhibited shorter OS than those with wild-type KRAS (5-year OS, 0% vs. 35.1%, P < 0.001). GLUT-1 expression was significantly higher in tumors with mutated KRAS than in tumors with wild-type KRAS (median, 4.0 vs. 1.0, P < 0.001). Survival was significantly different when stratified by expression of GLUT-1 (5-year OS, 0% vs. 46.5%, P <0.001). Among the 18F-FDG-PET parameters, the MTV and TLG were significantly higher in the mutated KRAS group than in the wild-type KRAS group (P = 0.013 and P = 0.026, respectively). ROC curve analysis revealed a cut-off value of 38 for the MTV, with the highest accuracy (area under the curve = 0.789; 95% confidence interval, 0.581–0.902) for predicting KRAS mutation. This cut-off value permitted stratification of OS (high vs. low: 5-year OS, 13.1% vs. 36.7%, P = 0.008).

Conclusions

High MTV is associated with KRAS mutation and poor postoperative outcomes in patients with ICC, suggesting that the MTV of ICC measured by 18F-FDG-PET may provide useful information for tumor molecular profiles and prognosis.
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