Skip to main content
main-content

23.06.2018 | Original Article

Preoperative nutritional status is associated with progression of postoperative cardiac rehabilitation in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery

Zeitschrift:
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Autoren:
Yasuhiro Arai, Toru Kimura, Yuki Takahashi, Takashi Hashimoto, Mamoru Arakawa, Homare Okamura

Abstract

Objective

Progression of cardiac rehabilitation after cardiovascular surgery can be affected by frailty. The nutritional status of the patient has been proposed as an indicator of frailty. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of preoperative nutritional status on the progress of postoperative cardiac rehabilitation.

Methods

This study included 146 patients (82 males, 64 females, average age 71.9 ± 12.0 years) who underwent elective cardiovascular surgery. In-hospital mortality cases were excluded to focus on postoperative cardiac rehabilitation. We classified patients with a Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index of 92 or higher as the good nutrition group and those with a Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index less than 92 as the malnutrition group. Preoperative patient characteristics and postoperative cardiac rehabilitation progress were compared between the good nutrition (n = 93) and malnutrition (n = 53) groups.

Results

The patients in the good nutrition group had an earlier progression to walking after postoperative rehabilitation (p = 0.002), a shorter postoperative hospital stay (p = 0.004), and a higher rate of discharge home (p = 0.028) than those in the malnutrition group. Multivariable analysis demonstrated preoperative malnutrition to be an independent predictor for the day to 100 m walking (p = 0.010).

Conclusions

Preoperative nutritional status was associated with progression of postoperative cardiac rehabilitation.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Bis zum 22.10. bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

 

 

 
 

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise