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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Oral Health 1/2015

Prevalence, and early childhood caries risk indicators in preschool children in suburban Nigeria

Zeitschrift:
BMC Oral Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Morenike O Folayan, Kikelomo A Kolawole, Elizabeth O Oziegbe, Titus Oyedele, Olusegun V Oshomoji, Nneka M Chukwumah, Nneka Onyejaka
Wichtige Hinweise
Kikelomo A Kolawole, Elizabeth O Oziegbe, Titus Oyedele, Olusegun V Oshomoji, Nneka M Chukwumah and Nneka Onyejaka contributed equally to this work.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

MOF initiated the study and made substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for this study. MOF was involved in drafting and revising the manuscript for important intellectual content and gave final approval of the version to be published. KAK, EOO, TAO, NMC, NO, and OVO made substantial contributions to design, and interpretation of data for this study. They were involved in drafting and revising the manuscript for important intellectual content and gave final approval of the version to be published. All authors have read and approved of the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is defined as the presence of caries lesion in an primary tooth in children below the age of 71 months. It is a significant public health problem with consequences for the growth and development of affected children. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and ECC risk indicators in a suburban population in Nigeria.

Methods

The data of 497 children aged 6 months to 71 months who were recruited through a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria was analysed for prevalence of ECC and risk indicators. Information on children’s ages, sex, socioeconomic status, tooth brushing habits, sugary snacks consumption, use of fluoridated toothpaste, birth rank, infant-feeding practices, breastfeeding practices, maternal age at childbirth, and maternal knowledge of oral health was obtained. Children’s oral hygiene and caries status was also determined. Risk factors associated with ECC were determined using logistic regression analysis.

Results

Thirty-three (6.6 %) children had ECC. Four (0.8 %) had severe ECC. The four risk indicators for ECC were the child’s gender, mothers’ knowledge of oral health, consumption of sugary snacks in between meals more than three times a day, and the child’s oral hygiene status. Females (PR: −0.06; 95 % CI: −0.01– -0.01; p = 0.02), and children with mothers who had good knowledge of oral health (PR: −0.06; 95 % CI: −0.11––0.008; p = 0.02) were less likely to have ECC. Children who consumed sugary snacks in between meals three times a day or more (PR: 0.05; CI: 0.003 – 0.01; P = 0.04) and children with fair oral hygiene (PR: 0.05; 95 % CI: 0.005–0.10; p = 0.03) were more likely to have ECC.

Conclusions

The prevalence of ECC in the study population was low. Promoting good oral hygiene practices and enhancingmothers’ knowledge of oral health may help reduce further, the risk for ECC in the study population.
Literatur
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