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15.07.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2016

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 3/2016

Prevalence of bifid mandibular canals by cone beam computed tomography

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2016
Autoren:
Maria Fernanda Lima Villaça-Carvalho, Luiz Roberto Coutinho Manhães Jr, Mari Eli Leonelli de Moraes, Sérgio Lúcio Pereira de Castro Lopes

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of bifid mandibular canals (BMC) by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Materials and methods

We examined CT scans from 300 patients both male and female, aged 25 to 87 years. The subjects were divided into groups according to gender, male group (MG) and female group (FG) as well as subgroups according to the side, right (R) and left (L). Tomographic acquisitions were performed on the device I-Cat ® Classic. Image analysis was performed on the XoranCat ® software of the equipment itself, aided by image filters associated with transverse, oblique, and panoramic reconstruction cuts for analysis of the BMC. The results were displayed as descriptive analysis of the values and comparisons between factors were performed using ANOVA at a significance level of 95 %.

Results

BMC was observed in 80 cases (26.67 %), of which, 39 (48.75 %) were in males and 41 (51.25 %) in females; no difference was seen between genders, neither by affected side, although the right side was more frequently affected (66.67 %) when both genders were combined.

Conclusion

The prevalence of BMC is significant and should not be overlooked.

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