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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

BMC Nephrology 1/2019

Prevalence of kidney damage in Chinese elderly: a large-scale population-based study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Honglan Wei, Yaqiong Yan, Jie Gong, Junwu Dong
Wichtige Hinweise
Honglan Wei and Yaqiong Yan contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Background

In China, both population aging and kidney damage has become emerging public health challenges. Despite the number of elders is huge, data on kidney damage in this population are scarce. The present study aimed to describe the prevalence of kidney damage among older adults in Wuhan, China.

Methods

To describe the prevalence of kidney damage among Chinese elderly, the health screening data of 350,881 adults older than 65 years in Wuhan, China were collected and analyzed. Kidney damage was defined as eGFR less than 60 mL/min per 1·73 m2 or the presence of proteinuria. Decreased renal function was defined as an eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Proteinuria was defined as urine protein ≥1+ and without urine WBC or nitrite positive. The associated risk factors of eGFR decline and kidney damage were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.

Results

The age-standardized prevalence of kidney damage, decreased renal function and proteinuria was 17.2, 13.5 and 5.3%. Among the patients, up to 74.4% was stage 3. The prevalence of kidney damage and eGFR decline were higher in suburbs than in urban (18.3% vs 16.0 and 14.6% vs 12.4%). Factors independently associated with kidney damage were age, female, BMI, abdominal circumference, hypertension, diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease.

Conclusions

Kidney damage has become an important public health problem in Chinese elderly. More attention should be paid to elderly lived in suburbs or rural area in our further work.
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